About the Maryland Court System

Four levels of the Maryland Court System are two trial courts and two appellate courts.

Trial Courts

The trial courts take the evidence presented on the case into consideration and make factual judgments, the law and legal precedent (preceding legal decisions from a higher court). The Trial court’s actions and decisions are reviewed by the appellate courts and decide whether the trial judge properly follows the law and the legal criterion. To find out more about Maryland courts, go through Maryland’s judicial system


Appellate Courts

Maryland has two appellate courts, one is the court of appeals, which is the highest court, and the other is the Court of Special Appeals, which is the intermediate appellate court. The appellate courts’ actions review the trial court or the district court, and decisions in the cases given and also make a decision on whether the trial judge correctly pursued the law and the legal precedent.


Circuit Court

The severe criminal cases are usually taken care of by the Circuit court, where major civil cases, like juvenile and other family law cases like divorce, child support, child custody, and most other issues. These are appealed from a district court, certain administrative agencies, and an orphans’ court. The Circuit houses also listen to domestic violence cases. Each country and Baltimore city has a circuit court. Cases may be in the form of juries or at times these are heard by the judges. The district court has more people who experience the system of court through the district court.


District Court

The cases people hear in the district court are motor vehicle, boating violations, and other criminal acts, domestic violence, landlord-tenant disputes, recovery of detained goods, and much moiré. The cases in the district court are discussed in the presence of a judge devoid of any jury trials in district court.


Orphans Court

The specialized court that takes care of the wills, estates, and other bequest matters and limited conditions of Guardianship is the Orphan’s court.


Other Bodies in Maryland

The other legal bodies in Maryland are Administrative hearings of the office which hears the contested executive branch departmental law cases, except for those that concern agencies cleared by law.


Federal Courts in Maryland

The Federal Courts in Maryland, on the other hand, are authorized by the U.S constitution to deal with issues with regards to Congress enacted laws, in contrast to the state courts, where the laws of the state and local government are applied. You can find more information about Federal courts on the U.S. Courts’ website.

The following are the judiciary units:

The Attorney Grievance Commission commands the conduct of both Maryland Lawyers and the Maryland Bar non-members who are involved in the State’s Law Practice. The bar office counsel checks where designated and removes attorneys that violate the conduct of the Maryland Attorney Rules of Professional Conduct as well as those involved in the unauthorized practice of law. 

The Board of Law examiners carries out the examinations of Bar to persons looking forward to being admitted to the law practice.

The Client Protection Fund maintains honesty and protects the reputation of the legal profession. The fund is supported by obtaining financial support from practicing attorneys or acting as attorneys or fiduciaries.

The commission on Judicial Disabilities provides service to the public in various ways, but its primary function is to obtain, investigate, and hear complaints against the Maryland Judiciary members. The Judicial nominating commissions are supplied with confidential information with regards to admonition or pending charges against those judges following nomination to other judicial offices.

The Standing Committee on Practice and Procedure rules meets regularly to take the proposed amendments and additions into consideration with the Maryland Rules of Procedure, and the recommendations are submitted for change at the appealing court. Under Article IV 18(a) of the constitution of Maryland, the practice and procedure can be regulated, empowered by the court of appeals. The court of appeals could also appoint a standing committee of lawyers, judges, and other persons who are quite competitive in the judicial practice, administration, and procedure that will be assisted in the court to exercise the rulemaking power. The Rules Committee was appointed in the year 1946 to succeed in the ad hoc committee on practice rules and procedure formed in 1940. The members meet regularly to take the proposed amendments and additions into consideration to the Rules of Procedure of Maryland and for alteration to the court of appeals, just submit the recommendations.

The Thurgood Marshall State Law Library gives access to the information needs of the Judiciary as well as the legal government agencies, community, and public. The Administrative Office of Courts offers legislative services for the Judiciary of Maryland that include personnel administration, judiciary budget preparation, and administration, information systems, planning, and research.


Court Administration

The Administration office of the courts gives the services of administration for the Maryland Judiciary, that include personnel administration, the Judiciary’s budget of preparation and administration, research and planning, and also the system of information.

Checkout Maryland Judiciary Case Search Online Guide

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